Information and image provided courtesy of

Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Society (NNVHS)

On October 20, 1774, the First Continental Congress created the Continental Association, which called for a complete ban on all trades between America and Great Britian of all goods, wares, or merchandise.

In support of the cause, the enslaved communities at Robert Carter III’s plantations, including Nomini Hall in Westmoreland, began producing food and clothing. The bakery, equipped with two ovens that could take twenty-five thousand bushels of wheat per year and bake one hundred pounds of bread at once, was busy with activity. At times, so much wheat and corn was being received that mill wheels turned for eighteen hours a day. The production of salt, a dire wartime shortage, was taken over by the enslaved communities in Westmoreland County. Where tobacco once grew, crops of flax, hemp, and cotton were planted. The tobacco stonehouse was turned into a textile factory and slaves were taught seamstress work.